Ilankai Tamil Sangam

Association of Tamils of Sri Lanka in the USA

Ethnicity, Aid and Peace in Fragile States:

A Sri Lankan Case Study

by Luckshmi Sivalingam, September 2005

A thesis for a Masters of Science (MSc) degree at the London School of Economics and Political Science


This study examines the Sri Lankan ethnic conflict through a multi-layered analytical lens of ethnic, socio-economic, and political considerations. Residual colonial tensions, intensified by market liberalization and political competition, created an atmosphere conducive to ethnic scapegoating and civil war. Under the current Norwegian-brokered Ceasefire Agreement, and in the face of immediate need for relief in the North and East in a post-tsunami atmosphere, it is demonstrated that international humanitarian and monetary aid must be allocated in consideration of the resulting ethnic grievances if peace is desired. The Post-Tsunami Operational Management Structure (P-TOMS) is argued to have the potential to serve as a mechanism to achieve this end by its encompassing nature. The study concludes that, if proven to be effective not only as an aid distribution mechanism, but also as a catalyst for state reform and conflict resolution, the P-TOMS may be able to serve as a model for general aid distribution throughout the entire country, while simultaneously facilitating durable peace.

The complete text of this Master's thesis can be accessed here: Ethnicity, Aid and Peace in Fragile States: A Sri Lankan Case Study

Note: The thesis is in PDF format, and, therefore, requires Adobe Acrobat to be read. If you do not have Adobe Acrobat, click on the following image to get it free-of-charge.


Posted September 14, 2005